kahlil cummings

Official page of the virtuoso percussionist, Kahlil Cummings.

Lets rap about Iniké Baba

Its been 7 years since the album release of Iniké Baba. So I wanted to share this wonderful review by Kiley Guyton Acosta. This was my first album release, and was recorded live in Conakry Guinea West Africa. I want to thank every single person involved on this project especially Balandugu Kan, DCA, Mamady Keita, Monette Marino, Bongo Sidibe , Balandugu Kan Conakry, Alberto Lopez, and Coney Island Studios.

If you are in search of the music, Inike Baba is available on iTunes and Apple Music. Also check out our music page, for some sample clips. Also below is a live video clip from the album. Enjoy


Iniké Baba by Kahlil Cummings and Balandugu Kan: 

A Timeless Tribute to the Ancestors of the Spirit of the Drum 

**** 

Kiley Guyton Acosta, PhD 

University of California, Santa Barbara 

Among its many musical triumphs, the groundbreaking album release of Iniké Baba (2011) reified the narrative authority of the djembe drum—reminding us of the sacred role these complex instruments embody as emotive chronicles of history, current events, community, culture, art, and tradition. The drums speak in West Africa and its diaspora in the Americas, and Iniké Baba (meaning “thank you father”) encourages audiences to listen, learn, and venerate the spirit of the Ancestors immortalized through sound. Today, at the dawn of 2015 as Master Percussionist Kahlil Cummings and Balandugu Kan celebrate the fourth-anniversary debut of this musical gem, the album’s seven original tracks, including, “Iniké Baba,” “Soko,” “Dibon,” “Djaa,” “Tnomadan,” “Balandugu Kan,” and “Kele m’Se” continue to blaze a melodious trail through the minds, hearts, and souls of blessed listeners. 

To label Iniké Baba as a CD minimizes the transcendental quality of this sonic masterpiece. The compilation might better be described as a psychic journey, a sensorial voyage that enraptures listeners and traverses temporal and geographic borders from Guinea to the Americas and back, unearthing lessons from the past to hone tools for the future. Being fully present is the ultimate way to experience the album. Let your eyelids become heavy, press play, and surrender to “Soko’s” resonant swell and fetch of rhythms. Glide with these waves of sound … feel the bubbly chimes of the belafone kiss your face and slide down your cheeks like multicolored raindrops. You’ll soon hear the insistent trill of the Gjeli Muso singers vocalizing praise to Djembefola Fadouba Oularé and Musa Mamady Keïta. And suddenly, without warning, the earth below will shake with a thunderous rush of drums talking. 

The djembe has stories to tell, and although many remain unwritten, these stories still run through the veins of Africa and her descendants. A handful will sound familiar; Iniké Baba is ripe with beats and phrases and moments that evoke memories of Cuba, Colombia, Venezuela, or Brasil. Wherever diaspora touched, beauty also bloomed from tremendous loss and pain, like a brilliant rose that has pushed through the cracks in the concrete. Some are stories we once knew while others were stolen centuries ago when African drums were banned in the United States. Nevertheless they are our stories to reclaim and remember, and to keep alive through music and dance. Iniké Baba sets us on the path… 

The traditional Manding musical ensemble Balandugu Kan was founded by Master Drummer Mamady Keïta in Conakry, Guinea, and named after Balandugu, the small village where Keïta was born. Having studied djembe under his tutelage for over a decade, Keïta’s gifted young African-American protégé Kahlil Cummings went on to establish the Los Angeles-based branch 

of the group. Featuring a powerhouse team of prolific core musicians, including Nakeiltha “Nikki” Campbell, Evan Greer, Andrew Kemble, Karamo Susso, and Bongo Sidibé, the California and Conakry ensembles cultivate and honor Balandugu Kan’s rich musical lineage through spellbinding performances, innovative recordings, and unparalleled collaborations. 

Viewed through a the panoramic lens of Black History in retrospect, the organic evolution of Balandugu Kan as an artistic cohort nourished by kinship ties among its group members and a lifetime of circulatory migrations across the Atlantic might be understood as an act of transformative exchange and cultural heritage preservation. These artists engage revolutionary performances of Black survival that evoke—and poignantly resist—five hundred years of forced transatlantic passages between West Africa and the Americas. 

Furthermore, beyond Iniké Baba’s categorical merit as a bountiful, enduring archive of time-honored Malinke orchestrations, the U.S. album release in 2011 unveiled a dynamic layering of raw rhythm, instrumentals and vocals that proved powerful enough to detonate and reshape American/Western musical sensibilities. What makes this project uniquely spectacular are the subtle, inimitable nuances captured in each song. The album was performed outside in the open air and recorded live in Conakry, and later mixed and mastered in Los Angeles by Grammy award-winning artist-producers Alberto López and Joel Soyffer. On the opening track “Iniké Baba,” the audible chirping birds in the background add an ethereal quality to the musical arrangement. As composer, djembe soloist, and artistic director, Cummings subsequently garnered hard-earned accolades for the album’s brilliant execution and is widely acknowledged as the first African-American to have journeyed to Africa to write and record a traditional West African album. The aesthetic genius of Iniké Baba represents just one facet of his prowess as a composer and percussionist. With deep archives of embodied knowledge, his transnational creative vision, a voracious appetite for learning, and a supportive team of mentors, Cummings is about to produce a series of musical texts that may hold the key to uniting diverse genres of West African-derived musical traditions throughout the African diaspora in the Americas. 

Finally, the motif of Ancestor reverence permeates Iniké Baba to the core, setting the album apart from its contemporaries in the World Music genre as an unparalleled contribution structured around a unifying concept that makes this work both timely, and timeless. In fact, each musical composition and exquisite Malinke orchestration was conceived and executed in deep gratitude and reverence to the teachers, elders, babas, and spiritual mentors that have nurtured Cummings’ personal and artistic evolution. He notes that these revered teachers and elders were all present during the recording sessions. Mamady Keïta and world-renowned Djembefola Famadou Konaté attended the CD release party in July 2011, and sanctioned the production of the album. Cummings explains that this musical gift is not only dedicated to his esteemed elders, but “…to the Ancestors who blessed us with this music and drum culture, this way of life. Iniké Baba is a tribute to the Ancestors of the spirit of the drum.” 

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Album photo by Teamir Sweeny.

Artwork Freddy Salguero

Kosi Ewe Kosi Orisha (no leaves, no Orisha)

Super inspired by this article by James Davis focusing on the Orisha Osain. In light of our upcoming Extra Ancestral Workshop Ewe Ode, I wanted to share some in-depth research on the Yoruba Orisha Osain. This article is impressive , and is a fascinating read. I want to acknowledge Baba Awo Fasegun and Ile Orunmila Afedefeyo, and to the many elders I have studied with. I often feel reminded how important it is to respect the work of our elders. That said this article by Davis is extensive, for the full article refer to the weblink below. I truly appreciate the wealth of knowledge, and how he connected the African Diaspora. Truly inspired, and I am honored to share with you this beautiful entry. This will be the first of many future blogs. Enjoy . Asé O


 Ewe Orisha 

A treatise on the role of plants in the Yoruba Religion by James Davis

Oduwafun 

2007

This work is dedicated to the memory of Baba Alafia Oluo Shango Dei Otura Meji Renard Simmons, my Baba Tobi in Ocha, the first African- American Oriate; Ibaiye, Baiye Tonu. 

The Power of Osain 

Since Osanyin is the owner of all vegetation and green plants (it is estimated that there are about 400,000 species of plants in the world), of all the gifts, secrets and powers that Olofi, Olodumare, God has given to man, the gift of Osain is the most profound. Why is this so? What are the uses of Osain? As you shall see Osain has several important uses. 

1) Osain as the captor of energy from the sun. The major source of energy to the planet earth comes from the sun. A small amount comes from the interior engine of the earth which results in volcanic eruptions and earthquakes; the majority of the energy manifesting itself on earth comes from the star called our sun. This energy reaches the earth and some is absorbed by the atmosphere warming it and creating the winds (Oya) and thunder and lightning (Shango). Some of it is absorbed by the land and the oceans warming the planet and creating our climate and ocean currents. The plants through the process known as photosynthesis capture the remainder. It is this process that is responsible for life and the progress of civilization itself. The energy which is necessary for almost all life processes (there are certain living organisms which live deep in the dark regions of the oceans which get their energy from a process other than photosynthesis called chemosynthesis), comes from plant photosynthesis. 


All human and animal food comes from plant photosynthesis. The green leaves (chlorophyll) capture the sun‟s energy (light). This energy is then stored in the plant first as glucose, a sugar, and then the glucose can be transformed into other organic molecules (fats, starches, other sugars) which then can be consumed by living creatures. Thus plants are basis of all food. The energy which animals ultimately use in performing their daily tasks comes to them via plants from the sun. 

The photosynthesis equation (the Osain equation): 

6CO2 (carbon dioxide) + 6H2O (water) + photon (light) C6H12O6 (glucose, sugar) + 6O2(oxygen) 

All fuels which man uses to heat his homes or drive and run his machines come from photosynthesis. The glucose created above, contains the stored energy that can be changed to a multiplex of hydrocarbons (compounds containing HxCy) and carbohydrates (compounds containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen) yielding wood, coal, oil, and gasoline. Fossil fuels: oil, coal, natural gas are nothing but decayed plants, heated and pressurized for millions of years. The energy which is contained in them is the energy trapped from the sun by green plants in photosynthesis. So that all the energy burning in our cars from gasoline is energy which was created by the sun and captured from sunlight by green plants. So all of these physical, chemical processes take place under the aegis of Osanyin. 

2) Osain as the giver of oxygen (life). The photosynthesis equation represents not only the trapper of the energy from the sun, but also the maintainer of oxygen in the world. The union of carbon dioxide and water yields glucose, the storer of the energy, and oxygen. The oxygen which is needed by all life forms is continually being created by the green trees and vegetation in the world. Twenty percent of the oxygen produced by the world is produced by the Amazon rainforest. When one enters the Igbodu, the Yoruba place for ceremonies, a place filled with fresh green ewe, plants that will be used in these ceremonies, one feels invigorated, refreshed, inspired, strong, a feeling that all wrongs will be righted, that bad will go away and good will come. This is partly because the plants are creating fresh oxygen, and dispelling it into the air giving life and strength to the environment. 


Looking at the Osain photosynthesis equation. On the right side there is O2 and C6H12O6. O2 is oxygen, air which is an attribute of Oya. Oya is the goddess of the winds and air and since she is the goddess of air, she is the goddess of life, for all living things depend upon air to breath to have life. As she is the goddess of life she is likewise the goddess of death, because when one stops breathing, one dies. She is the owner of the cemetery, the gates to and the entrance to the cemetery. She presides over funerals and is the only Orisha that can dwell with the eggun, the spirits of the dead. Oya is also called Yansa, Iya mesan which means the mother of nine because Oya gave birth to nine children (Odu OsaMeji). The last of these children was Eggungun, who represents the spirits of the dead. So Oya has a close connection with death. When people are dying too much and too often, Oya is invoked, prayed to and played to, in order to stop the dying. Oya controls death. Oya is represented by O2. As air comes from the plants, so Oya is connected to Osain. Oya in a negative light is the hurricane and the tornado, air gone wild. Oya in Yoruba means it tears, it rips. Osa, (Yoruba) means he/she/it runs. C6H12O6 is glucose and in it is stored, as chemical potential energy, the energy that was captured from light. In glucose is the energy that can be put to use for cellular functions or to burn gasoline. Shango is the representation of physical energy. He is associated with fire, his color is red, he is one 

of the gods of war, and he represents male sexuality. He is the bravest warrior of the pantheon. Wherever he goes there is war, arguments, and discussions. Energy! Energy! The energy contained in C6H12O6 is a representation of Shango. It should be noted that in the second apataki for the disfigurement of Osain (Cuba) which talked of origin of Osain, there was Oya, Shango and Osain. 

3) Osain as the cleaner of our air and atmosphere. The photosynthesis equation generates not only oxygen, but also depletes the air of carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxide, a dangerous gas which if inhaled too much results in suffocation, is one of the major byproducts of burning and respiration. It is also the major greenhouse gas associate with global warming and climate change. Plants are called the „Lungs of our Planet” because they take in carbon dioxide and exude oxygen. Since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution (~early 1800‟s) 


the concentration of carbon dioxide in our atmosphere has increased 30% and the average surface temperature of the earth has increased by one degree. Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas which traps the heat radiated by the earth and reradiates it back to the planet causing the temperature to rise. Plants take about 12% of the CO2 and convert it O2 as such they are cleaning the atmosphere of unwanted pollution. Prior to the industrial revolution, the rainforests and plants were enough to offset the carbon dioxide produced by natural processes of animal and plant respiration. However with the recent onset of anthropogenic addition of CO2, and the destruction of the forests and rainforest regions throughout the world, the situation is looking bleak, with the concentrations of CO2 steadily increasing. Green plants remove the pollutant carbon dioxide from the air, and give oxygen. 

4) Plants are the natural food for mankind. In today‟s modern era, humans are hooked on fast foods, meats, and all other garbage. Eating plants, vegetables, fruits are the best source of nutrition. Eating plants, vegetables, cooked and uncooked is the best choice; Salads, fruits, and nuts. Digestion is easier (meats, especially beef is very hard to digest), and diseases such cancer and diabetes are diminished, disappear and longevity and strength are achieved. 


5) The medicinal value of plants. It estimated that the number of plant species on earth is 400,000. Currently, 121 prescription drugs sold worldwide come from plant-derived sources. While 25% of Western pharmaceuticals are derived from rainforest ingredients, less that 1% of these tropical trees and plants have been investigated by scientists. Aspirin, acetylsalicylic acid, is derived from the bark of the willow tree, opium from opium poppies led to the creation of morphines and codeine, and quinine from the bark of the South American cinchona tree. 3000 plants have been identified as cancer fight drugs. Twenty five percent of the active ingredients found in cancer fight drugs come from plants. More than 100 pharmaceutical companies are engaged in plant research to find new cures for 


infections and diseases. Most of this research is carried out by examining the 

practices of traditional shamans in the forest areas. 

The Spiritual Aspects of Osain 

The Ceremony of the birth of a new Orisha: In Ocha and Ifa the birth of a new Orisha depends on the following factors: 

1) Ewe 

2) Korin, (Yr. song), Oriki, prayer (Yr.) 


1) Ewe, plants: The Orisha live in plants. The domain of the mountain (el Monte), the forest (Igbo), the woods, the bushes, is the domain of the spirits, the Orishas. The‟igbo‟ can be the rainforest of Central America, Central Africa, a park, or a garden. The igbo can be a strip of grass, or a single tree. Anywhere there is green there is Orisha and spirits. 


Each plant, tree, shrub, or leaf has attributes that refer to specific spirits. Some plants belong to the Orisha; some belong to the spiritual or eggun realm. Of the thousands of plants in the ”igbo”, it is the job of the osainista, to recognize the plants and to know which plant refer to which spirit. The osainista, on the pharmaceutical level, must know which plant will cure which sickness or disease and how to administer it. In terms of food, which plant is poisonous and which is safe to eat. The osainista should know all of these facts for the hundreds of herbs 

in his region. 

In the ceremony for the creation of an Orisha, everything stops, nothing happens until then proper herbs arrive. ”Si no hay yerba, no hay Santo”. If there is no yerbs, there is no Orisha. 

The Osain is the part of the ceremony where the herbs are prepared, special chants are sung in order to prepare the “omiero”, which is the sacred juice which washes all evil away, and gives birth to Orisha. The herbs are prayed on, water is poured on herbs, and then special songs are sung. After the omiero is prepared all is ready for the Santo.

2) Song, Oriki, prayer 


The second element necessary to generate Orisha is song, Oriki, prayer; all of these three being synonymous. God lives in each of us. Every human being contains within himself the center of the universe. It is through the voice, through singing, oriki, and prayer that the spirit of God comes from the heavens and passes through the human body and expresses itself to the world. 

I heard this about the voice from a young rapper. He said: 

Rap is based on the voice. The voice is the most powerful force in the universe. With voice you can curse and cause fights and wars. You can lie and create deceit. With the voice you can also make peace and you can make love

Max Roach , the most famous Jazz percussionist in the world said, the first instrument is the voice, the second instrument is the drum. 

With a bad tongue (mouth) one 

could disgrace a person and cause wars between nations. With a good tongue one could save humanity.” 

In Hausa combat games: wasan Dambe (boxing), wasan Kokawa (wrestling), wasan Shanci (Magazuwa wristlet fighting), and wasan Shadi (Fulani ritual flogging) the voice is used in summing up strength and courage. The games begin with take-take which is a vocal invocation accompanied by drums whose purpose is to announce to the village that something special and wonderful is about to happen and that one should take care, come and watch. The contestants assemble into their perspective groups and the invocation of take makes reference to the different groups present. “A taho a mutu” (Come and die!), “A taho a daku” (Come and be struck down!). These are serious games because someone is going to get hurt before it is over. In Shanci , young boys ages 12-21, fight with sharp metal bracelets around their wrist and the fight is not over until someone is cut and blood flows. Deep gashes and large scares over the face, neck, and body are commonplace. Bravery is on sale here. Outsiders frown upon the scars on the young men as brutal, savage and primitive, but the local village young women look upon them with admiration and affection, as a sign of strength and bravery. 

When one recognizes his take and takes up the call to fight, the person then recites a kirari, which is a spontaneous invocation whereby the fighter recites his history and his past deeds. In the kirari the person summons all his ancestors and all his spiritual protectors to help him fight. A Shanci warrior from Datsa, Nigeria, says one does not know what to say until the drums are playing. Another from Marmora says one does not learn kirari, but when the moment comes one will know what to say. The warrior trembles and is in a hypnotic, semi-possessed state. All those present, while listening to the kirari, feel the severity of the moment. Someone may die, or become seriously hurt. One feels the spirit of his ancestors and his protectors emerging from the ground, the air, and the heavens. In Yoruba parlance his Egguns comes. One senses the arrival of bravery and courage. It is the voice that is pulling the spirit. In karate it is called Chi. 

 

And so in Osain, there is a special group of chants which is reserved only for the herbs and which are sung to consecrate the plants, to pull the spirit of Osain from the ether in the air and to implant it into the omiero so that God can be born.

For the full article visit this link..

 https://www.academia.edu/15526012/Ewe_Orisha_A_treatise_on_the_role_of_plants_in_the_Yoruba_Religion

References 

Cabrera, Lydia, El Monte, Igbo Finda; Ewe Orisha. Vititi Nfinda, Ediciones Universal, Miami, 1975. 

Castillo, Jose M., Ifá en la Tierra de Ifá , United States, 1976. 

Idowu, E.Bolaji, Olodumare, God in Yoruba Belief, Wazobia, New York, 1994. 

Mason, John, Orin Orisa, Songs for Selected Heads, Yoruba Theological Archminsitry, United States,1992. 

Niane, D.T. , Sundiata An Epic of Old Mali, Longman Drumbeat, London, 1960. 

Powe, Edward L., Black Martial Arts (Volume I) Combat Games of Northern Nigeria, Dan Aiki Publications, Madison WI, 1994. 

Salami, Ayo, Ifa A Complete Divination, NIDD Publishing and Printing Ltd, Lagos Nigeria, 2002. 

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